Pile or Carpet

Pile or Carpet Manufacture

Pile fabrics are created by raised loops or tufts on fabric. These generally cover the entire surface and result in a soft texture.

The fabric is produced using a pile weave may then either be cut which is known as ‘Cut Pile,’ or left uncut with is known as ‘Loop Pile.’ Pile fabrics include velvet, corduroy, plush, velveteen and velour. Pile fabrics can be made from either natural fabrics such as cotton and silk. They can also be made from synthetic fibres such as Polyester and Nylon. The extra fibres required to make the pile are called ‘Filling Yarns’ and are incorporated into the weave of the fabric.

Carpets are made using much the same techniques although, the pile is attached to a backing piece of fabric. This backing fabric is usually Burlap or some similar fabric. The yarns are looped through the backing fabric and are then cut to a uniform length to create an interesting texture. Originally Carpets were made from natural fibres such as wool, but now more commonly made from synthetic fibres such as polyester.

Properties of Pile of Carpet Fabrics

  • Soft Texture
  • Fluffy
  • Definite nap so care must be taken when cutting pieces from the fabric
  • Sleek and shiny appearance
  • Abrasion Resistance
  • Absorbs moisture
  • Different textures depending on the way the pile goes
  • Available in many colours
  • Different characteristics depending on the length of the pile and the whether it is cut or not

End Uses of Pile of Carpet Fabrics

  • Trousers
  • Dresses
  • Hats
  • Jackets
  • Towelling is a form of pile fabric and is made into bathrobes


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Kelly Mitchell

Written by Kelly Mitchell

Kelly Mitchell, extremely competent and reliable, she is currently in her third year at the University of Lincoln UK, studying Fashion. Kelly is responsible for the Fabrics, Fibers and Leathers sections of our Dictionary


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