Although Crochet is very similar to knitting, there are no samples of Crochet dating from earlier than 1800. It didn’t really become popular in Europe until the 19th Century and the first Crochet patterns were published in a Dutch magazine in 1824.
The Art of Crochet is very similar to knitting except that instead of two knitting needles being used, one Crochet hook is used. The process involves pulling loops of yarn through other loops, sometimes wrapping them round the crochet hook one or more times to create interesting patterns. The word Crochet comes from the French language and literally means ‘Hook.’
Crocheting was especially popular in Ireland around the time of the Great Famine. This was during the 19th Century and Crochet became a form of relief. It was also beneficiary to the maker as well as it brought them some income. Irish Crochet was very popular until the First World War.
During the Edwardian Era the popularity of Crochet peaked, with the designs and styles becoming more and more elaborate, whilst keeping to colours simple, usually either white or cream. Crocheting declined in popularity after this time, but became more popular as did many other crafts, around the 1960’s when people started making things by hand again for a brief period.
Different types of Crochet include Filet Crochet, Tunisian Crochet, Tapestry Crochet and Irish Crochet.
Properties of Crochet
- Generally delicate
- Open weave
- Can be available in various colours
- Can be embellished
- Warm to wear
- Different patterns can be achieved
- Different properties of the fabric depend on the yarns used
End Uses of Crochet
- Revived in Christopher Kane’s Fall 2011 collection
- Baby Garments
- Garments for Soldiers during the war efforts
- Bags and Purses
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